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Common Questions  Students can Have

FAQ

What is STEM education? What is a STEM mindset?

STEM is one of the most talked about topics in education. STEM refers to Science, Technology, Engineering and Math.

The notion of STEM mindset overlaps with the idea of scientific temper: one of the important aims of education in modern India.

 

It is important to articulate STEM as a mindset to be inculcated rather than just a set of subjects to be taught.

What is the future for a science research career? What jobs can a science researcher expect to get and what kind of pay can he or she expect?

 

The future for a science research career is likely to be positive, as there will continue to be strong demand for scientific research in a wide range of fields. Scientific research plays a vital role in helping us to understand the world around us and in developing new technologies and innovations that improve our lives.

Career in science research in the future will ask for deep specialists and good generalists. Science research is typically inter-disciplinary. Though you need to have in-depth understanding of one subject, you also need to have a working knowledge of other subjects also. Data handling and programming are common factors in every kind of research.

 

A science researcher can expect to find jobs in a variety of settings, including academia, government research labs, and private industry. Some possible job titles for a science researcher include:

  • Research Scientist: Conducts original research in a specific field, and often works in a university or industry research lab setting.

  • Data Scientist: Uses scientific methods, processes, algorithms, and systems to extract knowledge and insights from structured and unstructured data.

  • Medical Scientist: Conducts research to improve human health and prevent disease, often working in a laboratory or hospital setting.

  • Environmental Scientist: Studies the effects of human activities on the natural environment and develops solutions to mitigate those effects.

In terms of pay, salaries for science research jobs can vary widely depending on the type of organization, the specific field, and the researcher's qualifications and experience. In India, a typical yearly starting salary is 12 lakhs (+).However, researchers with advanced degrees, specialized expertise and experience can command higher salaries.

What is the future for engineering careers? And what areas of engineering will see high demand in the next 10 years?

 

The future for engineering careers is likely to be positive, as there will continue to be strong demand for engineers in a wide range of industries. Engineers play a vital role in designing, developing, and maintaining the systems, products, and infrastructure that underpin modern society. 

In terms of specific areas of engineering, there are several fields that are expected to see high demand in the next 10 years:

  • Basic engineering disciplines like computer science, electronics and mechanical engineering - a bachelor’s in these areas followed by a specialization in the areas given below will see high demand.

  • Robotics and automation: As automation and robotics become more advanced and less expensive, there will be increasing demand for engineers who can design and develop these systems.

  • Cybersecurity: As the world becomes increasingly dependent on digital technologies, there will be a growing need for engineers who can design and implement secure systems to protect against cyber threats. The focus in the past was on preventive tools, and now the focus is on detection and remediation.

  • Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Deep Learning: The advancements in these areas are expanding the reach of automation and intelligence in various domains, and as such, there is a growing demand for engineers who can develop and implement these technologies. Artificial Intelligence tries to mimic human-like thinking. Machine learning is that branch of AI that uses data to predict the past. It primarily learns from the past and uses a trained model to predict or draw inference on data hitherto unseen by the program so far. It is largely what is called supervised learning where data and correct labels are both required for training and inferencing. Deep learning is simply a subfield of machine learning where a specific architecture of the system is driven by our current understanding of how biological neural networks work in our brains. Hence, these are also sometimes referred to as artificial neural networks.

  • Environmental engineering: With climate change and environmental degradation becoming increasingly pressing issues, there will be a growing need for engineers who specialize in designing and implementing solutions that minimize the impact of human activities on the environment.

  • Biomedical engineering: Advances in biology and medicine will continue to drive demand for engineers who can design and develop medical devices, diagnostic tools, and other technologies for use in healthcare.

It's worth noting that engineering is a broad field and there are other areas that will see high demand depending on technological and societal advancements (for example: space research, design of electric and self-driving vehicles, chip design). Additionally, the job market for engineers can be affected by global economic conditions, so it's important to stay informed about the latest developments in your field.

What are good engineering colleges in India? What entrance exams will help a student get into those colleges?

There are many good colleges for engineering in India, and the best ones for a student will depend on their specific interests, career goals, and location. Some of the top engineering colleges in India include:

  • Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs): Considered to be some of the best engineering colleges in India, IITs have campuses in several locations across the country (23) and offer a wide range of engineering programs. The top IITs are internationally recognized.

  • National Institutes of Technology (NITs): These are the next level engineering colleges, and are in several locations in the country (31).

  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) Pilani: This is a private University known for its engineering programs and is considered as one of the top engineering institutes in India. It is in three locations (Pilani, Goa and Hyderabad) in India, and one in Dubai.

  • Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) : These institutes are known for their expertise in Computer Science and IT related courses.

  • There are several state level private and government engineering colleges like RV engineering college, BMS college, JCE, Mysore, Manipal Institute of Technology, PESIT engineering college, and VIT.

To get into these colleges, students typically need to take a competitive entrance exam. The most popular entrance exams for engineering in India are:

  • Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main: This exam is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) and is required for admission to the NITs, some state level private engineering colleges and CFTIs.

  • JEE Advanced: This exam needs to be written after JEE Main. This is needed for admission to the IITs.

  • BITSAT: This is the entrance test for admission to the undergraduate Engineering programs offered by Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) Pilani

  • Private engineering colleges will have their own entrance exams (eg. VITEEE for VIT, PESAT for PES engineering college)

It's worth noting that in addition to these exams, some colleges may also require students to take additional entrance exams or to meet certain academic requirements. Additionally, it's important to research the college and make sure it's a good fit before applying.

What are good colleges for science research in India? And what are the entrance examinations to get into these colleges?

There are many good colleges for science research in India, and the best ones for a student will depend on their specific interests, career goals, and location. Some of the top science research colleges in India include:

  • Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs): These institutes are known for their research-oriented undergraduate and postgraduate education in the natural sciences, and are considered among the best in India.

  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR): TIFR is a premier research institute in India and is known for its research in the natural sciences, particularly in theoretical physics, chemistry, and biology.

  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc): This is a premier research institute in India and is known for its research in a wide range of scientific disciplines, including physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering.

  • Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR): This is a premier research institute in India and is known for its research in the natural sciences and engineering.

  • National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS) - This is a premier research institute for Biology in Bangalore. 

  • Azim Premji University (APU) - This is a private university in Bangalore offering bachelor’s programs in pure sciences. 

  • Shiv Nadar University (SNU). This is a private university in Noida that offers bachelor’s in pure sciences in addition to engineering courses.

To get into these colleges, students typically need to take a competitive entrance exam. The most popular entrance exams for science research in India are:

  • IISER Aptitute test (IAT) - This is the entrance exam for entry into the seven IISERs.

  • JEE and NEET are also considered by IISERs and IISc for bachelor’s programs.

  • BITSAT is the test you need to clear for a pure science program in BITS.

  • Joint Admission Test for Masters (JAM): JAM is an entrance test for admission to M.Sc (Two years), Joint M.Sc-Ph.D, M.Sc-Ph.D Dual Degree, and other post-bachelor degree programs at IISc and IISERs.

  • Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE): GATE is an examination for admission to postgraduate programs (e.g. M.E, M.Tech, direct Ph.D.) in engineering and technology and science at the national level.

  • National Eligibility Test (NET): Conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA), this test is for determining the eligibility for Assistant Professor only or Junior Research Fellowship & Eligibility for Assistant Professor in Indian universities and colleges.

It's worth noting that in addition to these exams, some colleges may also require students to take additional entrance exams or to meet certain academic requirements. Additionally, it's important to research the college and make sure it's a good fit before applying.

What is the future for an undergrad or grad degree in Mathematics in India?

An undergraduate or graduate degree in mathematics in India can open up a wide range of career opportunities in various fields such as finance, technology, research, data analysis, and many more.

  • Data Science & Analytics: With the growing amount of data being generated in India, there is a high demand for individuals with skills in data analysis and statistics. A math degree can help prepare students for a career in data science and analytics.

  • Finance & Economics: A math degree can also be useful in the field of finance and economics, as it provides a strong foundation in statistical and quantitative analysis. India has a growing financial sector which is likely to continue to grow in the future, providing many job opportunities for math graduates.

  • Technology: Many companies in the tech industry, such as TATA Consultancy Services, Infosys, and Wipro, employ mathematicians to work on complex algorithms, machine learning, and data analysis.

  • Education: Many graduates with a math degree go on to teach math at the K-12 or college level in India.

  • Research: Graduates with a math degree can also pursue careers in research and academia, where they can contribute to the advancement of mathematical knowledge. Many universities and research institutes offer opportunities for math graduates.

  • Government and other public agencies: Mathematicians are often employed in government agencies, such as Indian Statistical Institute, Indian Institute of Technology and other public sector undertakings.

It's important to note that the demand for math skills is high across many different sectors and industries in India, and a math degree can provide a strong foundation for a variety of careers. The field of data science and analytics is rapidly growing in India, and students with a math degree are well-suited for these roles.

What is the future for a student of Biology? What are job possibilities for a student who loves Biology? What entrance exams does a student of Biology need to take?

A degree in biology can open up a wide range of career opportunities in various fields, including medicine, healthcare, research, environmental conservation, and biotechnology, among others. Biologists are much more interdisciplinary than earlier and are expected to be familiar with computers and data science.

  • Healthcare: Graduates with a biology degree can pursue careers in the healthcare field, such as becoming a medical doctor, nurse, or laboratory technician. This area has been revolutionized by the development of automated tools and instruments.

  • Research: Biologists can also pursue careers in research, working in universities, government agencies, or private research institutions. They can conduct research in areas such as genetics, microbiology, and ecology.

  • Environmental Conservation: Graduates with a biology degree can also work in the field of environmental conservation, where they can help protect and preserve natural resources, wildlife and biodiversity.

  • Biotechnology: Biotechnology is a rapidly growing field that uses biological systems to develop new products and technologies. Biologists can work in biotechnology companies or research institutions to develop new medicines, genetically modified crops, and other biologically-based products.

  • Pharmaceuticals: Biologists can also work in the pharmaceutical industry, where they can help develop new drugs and therapies.

  • Agriculture: Biologists can also work in the field of agriculture, where they can help improve crop yields and develop new farming technologies and techniques. This area is getting transformed by new advances in biology-transgenics, gene editing, genomic selection, and bioinformatics and bringing in revolutions in the area of food
    production, a field that is growing and attracting more people into its fold.

  • Education: Biologists can also pursue careers in education, teaching biology at the K-12 or college level.

There are many good colleges in India that offer biology courses. Some of the top universities in India that offer biology courses include IISERs, IISc, University of Delhi, University of Calcutta, University of Hyderabad, Azim Premji University. GKVK Bangalore is a top agricultural university in India.

To get into the universities, you need to take the following entrance exams:

  • NEET UG - This entrance exam is for medicine, veterinary sciences and BAMS (AYUSH).

  • NEET PG - This entrance exam is for a postgraduation course in medicine.

  • IISER aptitude test (IAT) - This test is needed for admission to IISERs where you can major in biology.

Private universities will have their own entrance procedures for admission to their biology courses for example, APU has an entrance test followed by an interview.

It's important to note that the field of biology is constantly evolving and new job opportunities are emerging all the time. A degree in biology provides a strong foundation for a variety of careers, and students who love biology can find many opportunities to pursue their passion in India. 

What career opportunities are open to a student of Chemistry? What are good colleges in India that support a career in chemistry research?

A degree in chemistry can open up a wide range of career opportunities in various fields such as healthcare, research, environmental conservation, and biotechnology, among others.

  • Healthcare: Graduates with a chemistry degree can pursue careers in the healthcare field, such as becoming a medical doctor, nurse, or laboratory technician.

  • Research: Chemists can also pursue careers in research, working in universities, government agencies, or private research institutions. They can conduct research in areas such as organic chemistry, physical chemistry, and analytical chemistry. One example is National Chemical Laboratory, CSIR, Pune. It is known for its excellence in scientific research in chemistry and chemical engineering as well as for its outstanding track record of industrial research through partnerships with industry from concept to commercialization. Chemical industries like petroleum, paints, and food also hire chemists and chemical engineers.

  • Environmental Conservation: Graduates with a chemistry degree can also work in the field of environmental conservation, where they can help protect and preserve natural resources and the environment.

  • Biotechnology: Biotechnology is a rapidly growing field that uses chemical and biological systems to develop new products and technologies. Chemists can work in biotechnology companies or research institutions to develop new medicines, genetically modified crops, and other biologically based products.

  • Pharmaceuticals: Chemists can also work in the pharmaceutical industry, where they can help develop new drugs and therapies.

  • Materials Science: Chemists can also work in the field of materials science, where they can help develop new materials and technologies, such as new plastics, ceramics, and semiconductors.

  • Education: Chemists can also pursue careers in education, teaching chemistry at the K-12 or college level.

There are many good colleges in India that offer chemistry courses and support a career in chemistry research. Some of the top universities in India that offer chemistry courses and have a strong reputation for research include:

  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc Bangalore)

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Kanpur, IIT Delhi, IIT Mumbai)

  • Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi

  • Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai

  • University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad

  • University of Delhi, New Delhi

  • University of Calcutta, Kolkata

  • University of Pune, Pune

It's important to note that the field of chemistry is evolving and new job opportunities are emerging all the time. A degree in chemistry provides a strong foundation for a variety of careers, and students who love chemistry can find many opportunities to pursue their passion in India.

If I want to pursue a career in science and math, what is the best way to prepare? When should I start preparing?

If you want to pursue a career in science and math, there are several steps you can take to prepare:

  • Start early: It's never too early to start preparing for a career in science and math. Taking challenging math and science classes in high school, and excelling in them, can help to build a strong foundation for further study in college and beyond.

  • Develop strong problem-solving skills: Science and math require a lot of problem-solving, so practicing solving different types of problems in math and science will help you develop the skills you need to succeed in these fields.

  • Get hands-on experience: Participating in science fairs, internships, and other hands-on opportunities can help to deepen your understanding of the subject matter, and give you an idea of what it's like to work in a science or math-related field.

  • Read extensively: Reading about the latest developments in science and math can help to keep you informed about new discoveries, and expose you to different areas of research.

  • Seek mentorship: Reach out to scientists, mathematicians, or professors in the field you are interested in and try to build a relationship with them. They can provide valuable guidance and insight, and may be able to help you find internships or other opportunities.

  • Take relevant entrance exams: Start preparing for the relevant entrance exams such as IIT JEE,NEET, JAM, GATE, etc. which are the gateways for the admission in top institutes for science and math.

It's important to start preparing as early as possible, ideally in high school, to give yourself the best chance of success. However, it's never too late to start pursuing a career in science and math, and many people successfully transition into these fields later in their careers.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of online classes for science and math?

There are several advantages and disadvantages of online classes for science and math:

Advantages:

  • Flexibility: Online classes can be taken at any time and from any location, which can be particularly beneficial for students with busy schedules or those who live in remote areas.

  • Variety of resources: Online classes often provide access to a wider range of resources, such as videos, interactive simulations, and online textbooks, which can help to supplement and reinforce the material being taught.

  • Self-paced learning: Online classes often allow students to work at their own pace, which can be beneficial for students who need extra time to understand certain concepts or who want to move more quickly through the material.

Disadvantages:

  • Lack of personal interaction: Online classes can lack the personal interaction and immediate feedback that students receive in a traditional classroom setting.

  • Limited access to equipment: Science and math classes often rely on hands-on activities and experiments, which may be difficult to replicate in an online setting.

  • Technical difficulties: Online classes can be disrupted by technical issues such as internet connectivity problems, which can make it difficult for students to participate in the class or complete assignments.

  • Limited access to Tutor: Online classes may not provide the same level of accessibility and availability of teacher as traditional classes do, which can make it difficult for students to get help when they need it.

It's worth noting that while online classes have some disadvantages, they can still be an effective way to learn, especially when combined with other resources and support. Additionally, the quality of the online class may depend on the instructor and the institution offering the class.

How do I decide whether a coaching or tuition class is good/better/best?

When deciding whether a coaching or tuition class is good, better, or best, there are a few key factors to consider:

  • Qualifications and experience of the instructors: Look for instructors who have relevant qualifications and experience in the subject area you are interested in. They should have a track record of helping students achieve their goals.

  • Curriculum and materials: Look for classes that have a well-structured curriculum that covers the material you need to learn, and that use materials that are up-to-date and relevant to the subject area.

  • Student support: Look for classes that offer a variety of student support services, such as office hours, one-on-one tutoring, or online resources.

  • Testimonials and reviews: Look for testimonials and reviews from past students or experts in the field to see what others have said about the class and the instructor's teaching style.

  • Flexibility and location: Look for classes that offer flexible scheduling options, such as online classes, or classes that are held at a convenient location for you.

  • Price: Look for classes that are reasonably priced, compare the costs with other classes and ensure it fits in your budget.


It's important to remember that a good class for one person may not be the best fit for someone else. It's a good idea to try different classes and instructors until you find one that meets your needs and learning style.

How do I know whether the coaching or tuition institute is charging me the right amount of fees? And what is the current range of fees for tuition in math and science for a high school student in India?


Determining whether a coaching or tuition institute is charging the right amount of fees can be challenging, as fees can vary widely depending on a number of factors such as location, the qualifications and experience of the instructors, and the type of class (e.g. online vs. in-person).

One way to determine whether an institute's fees are fair is to compare them with other institutes offering similar classes. You can ask around in your local community, or search online for information about tuition fees for math and science classes for high school students in India. Additionally, you can check the institutes' website and see if they have a clear fee structure and breakdown of the cost, which can help you understand what you are paying for.

It's worth noting that while cost should be a consideration, it should not be the only factor in your decision. The quality of instruction and the level of student support provided by an institute are also important factors to consider.

In India, the cost of private coaching or tuition for math and science classes for high school students can vary widely, depending on factors such as location, the qualifications and experience of the instructors, and the type of class (e.g. online vs. in-person). The range of fees can vary from a few thousand rupees per month to tens of thousands of rupees per month. However, it's worth noting that fees for coaching and tuition can change over time and also vary depending on the location, so it's important to do your research and compare fees before making a decision.

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